Multispeciality and Family Care Clinics

Full 1
Full 1
Full 1
Full 1
previous arrow
next arrow


ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) reconstruction surgery is a common orthopedic procedure performed to repair a torn ACL in the knee. The ACL is a crucial ligament that helps stabilize the knee joint and prevent excessive forward movement of the tibia (shin bone) relative to the femur (thigh bone).
When the ACL is torn, it can lead to instability in the knee, reduced range of motion, and difficulty participating in physical activities that involve quick changes in direction or pivoting. ACL tears often occur in athletes or individuals who engage in sports or activities that put stress on the knee joint.

Here's an overview of the ACL reconstruction surgery process:

1. Preoperative Assessment: Before surgery, the patient undergoes a thorough evaluation of their knee to determine the extent of the ACL injury and to assess any associated injuries.
2. Surgery: ACL reconstruction surgery is typically performed using minimally invasive arthroscopic techniques. During the procedure, the surgeon makes small incisions around the knee and inserts a tiny camera (arthroscope) to visualize the inside of the joint. The torn ACL is then removed, and a graft is used to replace the damaged ligament.
3. Graft Selection: The graft used for ACL reconstruction can come from different sources, such as the patient’s own tissue (autograft) or a donor (allograft). Common autograft options include the patellar tendon, hamstring tendon, or quadriceps tendon. The surgeon discusses graft options with the patient and selects the most appropriate one based on various factors.
4. Graft Fixation: The chosen graft is secured in place using screws, staples, or other fixation devices to anchor it in the bone tunnels created during the surgery. Over time, the body’s natural healing processes help integrate the graft with the bone.
5. Recovery and Rehabilitation: After surgery, the patient undergoes a comprehensive rehabilitation program to regain strength, range of motion, and stability in the knee. Physical therapy plays a crucial role in this process and is tailored to the patient’s specific needs.
6. Return to Activities: The length of the recovery period varies depending on factors such as the patient’s age, overall health, and the specific activities they wish to return to. Athletes and active individuals often need several months of rehabilitation before they can safely resume sports or intense physical activities.
It’s important to note that while ACL reconstruction surgery is generally successful in restoring knee stability and function, not all cases require surgery. Some minor ACL tears can be managed with conservative treatment, such as physical therapy and bracing. The decision to undergo surgery should be made after a thorough discussion with a medical professional who can assess the individual’s specific situation.
Recovery outcomes can vary, and it’s important for patients to follow their surgeon’s and physical therapist’s instructions to optimize their chances of a successful recovery and a return to their desired level of activity.