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Dermatitis, also known as eczema, is a common skin condition characterized by inflammation of the skin. It can cause redness, itching, and sometimes rash-like symptoms.

There are several types of dermatitis, each with its own causes and symptoms.

Here are a few of the most common types:

1. Atopic Dermatitis: This is the most common form of eczema and often runs in families. It’s often associated with allergies and can result in itchy, red, and scaly skin patches. It typically appears in childhood and may persist into adulthood.
2. Contact Dermatitis: This type of dermatitis occurs when the skin comes into contact with a substance that causes an allergic or irritant reaction. Irritant contact dermatitis is caused by direct irritation from a substance, while allergic contact dermatitis is caused by an allergic reaction to a substance, such as certain metals, plants, or cosmetics.
3. Seborrheic Dermatitis: This type of dermatitis mainly affects the scalp and facial areas, causing redness, flaky skin, and sometimes dandruff-like scales. It’s often referred to as “cradle cap” in infants.
4. Nummular Dermatitis: This form of dermatitis results in circular or coin-shaped patches of itchy, scaly skin. The cause is often unclear, but it can be triggered by dry skin, irritants, or allergies.
5. Dyshidrotic Dermatitis: This type of dermatitis is characterized by small blisters on the hands and feet, often accompanied by itching. The cause is not well understood, but it’s believed to be related to allergies or certain skin conditions.
6. Stasis Dermatitis: Also known as venous eczema, this condition typically occurs in the lower legs due to poor blood circulation. It can lead to swelling, redness, and itching.
It’s important to consult a healthcare professional or dermatologist if you suspect you have dermatitis. They can provide an accurate diagnosis and develop a treatment plan tailored to your specific condition.